Male.— Bill as long as the head, and straight; wings very small; primaries narrow; tail deeply forked, the outer feather narrow, tapering at the tip and incurved; feet small, claws short and hooked; gorget richly coloured but not luminous; tail ornamented.
Female.—Unadorned; tail extremely short.
The single species of this genus stands quite alone in the great family of Humming-Birds. The peculiar and beautiful markings of its tail are most remarkable; the colouring of the throat-mark is equally distinct. It must be remembered that these features are confimed to the male, the female being very plainly attired, and having a very diminutive tail. Guatemala may well be proud of this singular bird, rich as her fauna really is.
Habitat: GuatemalaPlate 158 Tryphæna Duponti Sparkling-tail
“Following the course of the river of San Gerénimo up its bed to about half a league from the village, you come upon a small patch of forest with here and there open spots covered with Salviæ. Here it was that this bird was shot, by a boy, who told me there were plenty; however, on visiting the place soon after, I was not successful in obtaining more specimens, nor was I fortunate enough to see one.”—Salvin in Ibis, vol. ii. p. 266.
Featuring all 422 illustrated species from John Gould’s A Monograph of the Trochilidæ, or Family of Humming-Birds arranged by color.