Accented letters

Letters which in English-speaking countries are by Printers called accented are the five vowels, marked as follows:—

Acute á é í ó ú
Grave à è ì ò ù
Circumflex â ê î ô û
Long ā ē ī ō ū
Short ă ĕ ĭ ŏ ŭ
Diæresis ä ë ï ö ü

There is no pure English word that requires an accent. Some reckon the French ç and Spanish ñ, and other letters used in foreign languages, as accented letters. The grave accent is, in English, sometimes used in poetry to prevent the omission of sounding a syllable, and the metre thereby being impaired. Similarly, the diæresis is sometimes employed in words like Coöperate, instead of the hyphen; but this plan is not generally adopted by many Printers at the present day. The term accent applied to the whole series is only allowable as an office technicality; the fourth and fifth items indicate quantity only, and the sixth guards against a dipthongal absorption of a syllable.

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